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Expert warns that Mexico has authorized 184 highly dangerous pesticides

In Mexico the use of 184 highly dangerous pesticides is authorized, denoting "very deficient environmental and epidemiological surveillance functions," warned Fernando Bejarano, one of the leading toxic experts in the country.

Mexico, Sep 6 (EFE) .- In Mexico, the use of 184 highly dangerous pesticides is authorized, denoting "very poor environmental and epidemiological surveillance functions," he warned. Fernando Bejarano, one of the country's leading toxic experts.

This is "a consequence of the neoliberal policy of the last Administrations," he said in an interview with Efe on the occasion of the publication of the study "The highly dangerous pesticides in Mexico."

The document compares pesticides authorized by the Federal Commission for Protection (Cofepris) and the list of those banned in the world of the International Pesticide Network (PAN).

This last one, which has "a documentary endorsement" from what its members argue and what reports such as the Rotterdam Convention differs from Cofepris.

The director of the Action Network in Pesticides and Alternatives in Mexico (RAPAM) assured that the country has "privileged to protect the market, rather than the health of people or the environment."

recognizes the presence of toxic chemicals as a public health problem and does not have it as an environmental problem, "he said.

The Cofepris is responsible for reviewing and approving the use of pesticides, but in their reviews "to authorize or not a pesticide" only study "the information that the company gives", because it lacks resources to contrast it, he said.

However, he added, "this does not exempt them from liability." Bejarano said that "of these 184 pesticides, not all of them are being used."

The use of these pesticides affects the environment and health, in the long term the onset of cancer or alterations of the endocrine system, among others.

Among these pesticides are the methyl parathion, "a very old organophosphorus" the largest number of records among insecticides.

"It began to experiment with him in World War II as a toxic gas and then introduced into agriculture," he recalled Bajerano, adding that "it is prohibited in 59 countries." Another of the pesticides authorized in Mexico is chlorpyrifos ethyl, "which is a hormonal alteration." semen, breast milk and umbilical cord ", he said.

Meanwhile, psicometrina" is highly toxic to bees and is associated with developmental problems in the system "The criteria for defining these highly dangerous pesticides include not only short-term toxic effects," but "chronic effects" which can take many years to manifest. "

This causes complications when it comes to attributing health damage to pesticide use, since it does not allow detection of" a relationship cause-effect ", he said.

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