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Court holds suspension for sowing transgenic corn in Mexico

A Mexican court today decided to maintain the suspension for the commercial exploitation of transgenic corn throughout the country and sent the case to the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation for that emits its pronouncement, in a new setback to biotechnological companies.

Mexico, Nov 24 (EFE) .- A Mexican court today decided to maintain the suspension for the commercial exploitation of transgenic corn throughout the country and sent the case to the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation to issue its pronouncement, in a new setback to biotechnology companies.

Three judges of the First Collegiate Court of Civil Matters of Mexico City decided to maintain the precautionary measure of September 2013, when another court ordered the suspension of permits for transnational biotechnology companies for experimental planting, pilot or commercial of genetically modified corn in Mexico.

"The suspension of the sowing of transgenic corn is maintained throughout the country and (the court) refers the case to the Supreme Court to study the constitutionality of the Federal Code of Civil Procedures, "said René Sánchez Galindo, lawyer for the Collective Corn Demand group, in a video published in social networks.

The court argues that it is up to the Supreme Court to deal with the cases in which the constitutionality of a law is challenged, in this case that of Actions Colectivas, which allowed a group of citizens to defend themselves against the permission to sow transgenic corn.

The collective action was promoted in July 2013 by 53 scientists, intellectuals, farmers, artists and activists, as well as 22 civil organizations.

The purpose of this lawsuit is for the federal judicial authority to declare that the release or sowing of transgenic corn will damage the human right of current and future generations to the biological diversity of native maize, as well as related rights: right to food, right to health and rights of indigenous peoples.

Collective action has been challenged almost a hundred times by Dow biotechnology companies Agrosciences, Monsanto, Syngenta Agro and Phi México, which at the time obtained planting permits from the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture.

El Centro of Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute (Cinvestav) also obtained permits for research with genetically modified corn.

October 2009 a In November 2013, the Mexican government granted 169 permits to market different varieties of transgenic maize to transnational companies.

In this period, permits allowed as a whole the planting in 262 hectares in the states of Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora and Tamaulipas.

The defending community of native corn He called on society to follow closely this resolution "that today gives a joy to the people of corn, in the midst of the battle being waged in courts."

"Corn represents 69% of the food support of the Mexicans and for the most part we eat it without industrial processing. We allocate 75% of mostly imported yellow corn as fodder, "the group said.

" On the other hand, 66% of all the area under cultivation in the country is corn, "he added. collective.

According to the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (Conabio), Mexico is the center of origin of maize and there are 64 breeds in this territory, 59 are considered native.

The US company Monsanto yesterday accused the agrarian authorities of Mexico of being the main interested parties in canceling the permit to transgenic soybeans. approved in 2012 and suspended by the Supreme Court until the consultations with indigenous people of the Yucatan Peninsula are concluded.

An office of the National Health, Safety and Quality Service Agroalimentaria (Senasica), to which Efe had access, indicates that the cause of the revocation of the permit is "for not complying with the biosecurity controls and failures in the management of prevention of risks to the environment of genetically modified organisms. "

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